Claim: a comprehensive and precise description that defines
the scope of an invention.
Continuation: a filing, while a patent is active, which
contains additions or changes to the previous claims.
Copyright: the exclusive legal right to publish, perform,
display, or distribute an original work.
Divisional patent: a patent that covers the same specification
as a previous (parent) patent, but claims a different invention.
Ex parte: a legal proceeding where only one party is
represented. Patent prosecution is an ex parte procedure.
Experimental use: the practice of a patented invention solely
with intention of experimentation or perfection of the invention.
Evergreening: the practice of launching new formulations,
combinations, delivery methods, and indications for drugs facing patent
expiration to effectively increase the duration of patent
Filing date: the date on which a complete patent application
is received by the Patent and Trademark Office.
Inter partes reexamination: a method by which third parties
challenge the validity of a patent on the grounds of prior art
publication without resorting to litigation.
Interference: when two or more patent applications or issued
patents claim the same invention.
Non-disclosure agreement (NDA): an agreement, common between
entrepreneurs and potential investors, that allows a company to share
protected information while preventing its release.
Office action: a formal response by a patent examiner
regarding a patent application or amendment.
Patent: a description of an invention. Patents contain one or
more claims that describe the subject matter covered in sufficient
detail to permit skilled experts to practice an invention, and grant the
right to exclude others from practicing an invention.
Patent agent: an individual with technical training capable
who is capable of representing an inventor in patent prosecution.
Patent attorney: an individual with legal training in patent
law who is capable of representing an inventor in patent prosecution and